As a result, the law on designating non-Russian media funded from overseas as foreign agents was adopted, under which nine media outlets, including the Voice of America and Radio Liberty, were included in the list of foreign agents.
In another retaliatory move, a handful of the 23 US media accredited in Russian Federation could lose their access to the State Duma, Zakharova said Monday, The Moscow Times reports.
Russian lawmakers said the legislation was in retaliation for U.S. action against the U.S. affiliates of Russian state-sponsored media RT and Sputnik, which were required to register under the U.S. Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA).
The U.S. State Department has condemned Russia's law, saying it obstructs press freedom.
Moscow's response was widely trailed.
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law in November that allowed the government to list foreign media operating in the country, in what was claimed to be retaliation for the United States measures.
Russia's justice ministry said in a statement on its website on Tuesday it had now formally designated USA government-sponsored VOA and RFE/RL, along with seven separate Russian or local-language news outlets run by RFE/RL, as "fulfilling the role of foreign agents".
Other media outlets are not expected to be included on the foreign agents list, according to the State Sovereignty Protection Committee chairman, Andrey Klimov.
VOA Director Amanda Bennett told Reuters her organisation also thought it was unclear what new curbs it would face.
In a statement, the ministry listed, in accordance with the law on mass media, several outlets as "foreign agents". "Definitely not", the Russian Foreign Ministry's spokeswoman said.
They also must apply for inclusion in a government register, submit regular reports on their sources of funding, on their objectives, on how they spend their money, and who their managers are.
A general view shows the headquarters of Russia's Justice Ministry in Moscow, Russia Dec. 4, 2017.
Under new Russian legislation, US -funded media face more restrictions and challenges.