Russian Federation was represented by Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, India by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, and China by Foreign Minister Wang Yi. His visit comes close on the heels of Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi's trip later in December to attend the 20th round of China-India boundary talks.
At their meeting on the sidelines of the 15th trilateral meeting of foreign ministers of China, Russia and India on Monday in India, Wang said China and Russia have been firmly supporting each other on issues of core interests, closely cooperating with each other on global affairs, and actively contributing to the establishment of a new type of worldwide relationship.
There must also be regular high-level meetings between the two countries without a specific agenda, she added. India, along with Japan, the United States, and Australia, participated in that meeting, which was perceived as a coming-together of likeminded Asia-Pacific democracies to balance China.
Russia, India and China have resolved to step up cooperation in combating the spread of terrorist ideology and propaganda, stopping sources of terror financing, preventing terrorists from traveling and choking the supply of arms to terrorists.
However, the RIC joint statement did not name Pakistan, unlike the joint document issued after the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) meeting in Xiamen, China, earlier this year. Just $5 a month.
On the issue of tackling terrorism, the joint communiqué called for "swift and effective" implementation of existing international commitments on countering terrorism, including the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, relevant UN Security Council resolutions and targeted sanctions relating to terrorism and the FATF International Standards worldwide. This year's Russia-India-China joint communique did nevertheless mention freedom of navigation, but made no reference to the South China Sea specifically: "Recognising the growing importance of maritime-trade in an increasingly globalised world, we support freedom of navigation and overflight rights based on the principles of worldwide law, particularly UNCLOS". Like the outcome of any grouping comprising India and China, these statements are necessarily limited in their scope.
In a report in Hindustan Times, Lavrov was quoted saying that India was a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), whose other others, including Russian Federation, have signed up for the BRI.